1, mud mixing system
In 3 # aggravating tank side by side on the right side of the base to install two sand pump, slurry on the base to install 1 set of jet funnel, keeping a with a sand pump, two jet work alone; Sand slurry pump and jet funnel are interchangeable mutual through various import and export of the butterfly valve control. As shown in figure 6 (sand pump suction manifold slurry), sand pump via suction manifold can extract respectively 2 # mud tank of 3 # and 4 #, 3 # mud tank each tank, 4 # mud tank mud tank, by adding the corresponding slurry jet funnel material, pulp out the manifold again into the corresponding mud can respectively as shown in figure 7 (pulp out sand pump manifold); This cycle, testing can be for 2 # mud tank 3 # and 4 #, 3 # mud tank each tank, 4 # mud tank  configuration, added to meet the requirements of drilling technology; In 4 # shear mix slurry devices are installed on the mud tank, can through the valve control shear system and jet slurry system work at the same time, also can switch roles; Shear system by dosing pipeline supply to the medicine jar, through medicine pot can be added to the 2 # mud tank.mud system 0618
Jet funnel at the bottom of the tee handle butterfly valve parts installed a convenient and practical, the jet mixing slurry unit startup and shutdown, want to close the valve, need mixed weighted mud, etc. The whole system run smoothly after open the valve; After the aggravating or mixed, close the valve, then close the jet mixing slurry compound system.
2, mud transfer process
System installation of a complete set of mud gun and mud gun involved in 1 #, 2 #, 3 # and 4 # mud tank, tank and tank are connected with the intermediate pressure hose, sealing is reliable, easy installation and removal. Twelve (as shown in figure 1 # mud gun and water pipes), as shown in figure 13 (2 # mud gun and water pipes), as shown in figure 14 (3 # and 4 # mud gun and water pipeline), the whole mud barrel remit is composed of mud pump set pulp out of the manifold with mud, belongs to the medium voltage line (in 2 # were reserved in mud tank 2 inches of mud pump imports);Jet sand slurry pump can also be used to provide power source.
Have a gate on each of the mud gun, all can work alone; Is the main purpose of mud gun mixing and transporting mud., in the front of the 1 # mud tank is equipped with a supply tank, the tank is installed on a mud gun, the mud gun’s main function is to supply provides the mud tank, in order to drill in drilling process, lack of wellhead mud, mud is pumped by the supply pump pumping hold well, so as to complete the well supplies the function of mud.

GN can provide drilling cuttings dryer integrated solid control lever, including drilling cuttings dryer live body, electric control and cuttings dryer base stents, etc. Equipment designed and manufactured on the basis of “advanced, reliable, safe, convenient, economic” principle, the reliability and advanced nature, convenience and safety of domestic and foreign products at the same level reached advanced level. Equipment can adapt the characteristics of offshore operation, to meet the processing capacity of offshore drilling waste treatment while drilling, and cutting oil content less than 5% after processing, cutting emissions standards meet national levels. Equipment adopts frequency conversion motor, motor and adapt to 460 v60hz and 380 v50hz power supply range, and the motor and power distribution unit in accordance with national explosive-proof grade and offshore platform use requirements. Equipment dust, moisture, corrosion and good vibration resistance; Overall size is advantageous for the offshore installation location allocation, easy to transport hoisting and disassemble, easy replacement of spare parts and maintenance, use under conditions of normal operation.
GN solid control promise: quality guarantee period of 12 months, starting from the date of final acceptance of the agreement signed. During this period, due to supplier quality problems caused by the supplier to replace or repair free of charge, and the repair cost, labor, transportation, etc. The supplier shall be responsible for The consumption of solid control system equipment, such as: screen, scraper, belt, filter and so on are not within the 12 months warranty (if it is a manufacturer of quality problem, manufacturer is responsible for free replacement or repair);The quality guarantee period, if the supplier caused the quality problem of the design, manufacturing defects, the supplier must be responsible for free repair or replacement; Warranty period after-sales service service free of charge by supplier.
GN is the 1st API certified solids control company in China, also certified by: Europe DNV CE, HSE, ISO9001, Russia TP&TC .
2) GN Solids America is the first & biggest China owned USA based Solids Control Company. http://www.gnsolidsamerica.com/.
3) GN Solids Control facility Area: 40000㎡ (430,000 SF),exported to over 60 countries. http://www.gnsolidscontrol.com/china-factory/.mud system1

Engineering example

1 engineering general situation of a project is located in the northwest of pingdingshan, channel for the silty soil layers, the upper clay for 2-3 m, lower level of silt. Underground water level is low, the pipeline horizontally across the river total length of 560 meters, pipe composite pipe of 355 mm diameter.

2 construction design 1) guidance trajectory design basic parameters meet the specification requirements of the minimum curvature radius, R = 1500 dn = 750 m, because this project through the strata are mainly fine sand, gravel, clay, the difference of formation pore forming, poor stability, in order to reduce the bending stress of the pipeline, increase cross section through the radius of curvature of the pipeline to R = 2000 dn, R = 960 m.2) drilling Angle and radius of curvature in most through the construction of the grave Angle usually choose between 8 to 12 degrees, most of the construction should first drill a diagonal line, then drill a larger radius curve. The radius of curvature of curve is determined by the finished product pipeline bending properties, along with the increases IN diameter, steel tube radius of curvature of the thumb rule is 100 ft/IN (usually take 1000-1200 times the diameter of the pipe).Skew lines will guide hole curve according to guide to the design depth of the book, and then is a depth on this long straight and level, and then reach upward bending points to unearthed.The unearthed Angle should be controlled between 5 to 12 degrees, so that the finished products pipeline back to drag.3) through parameter design through parameter design are shown in table 1.4) drilling construction assembly table assembly of the engineering construction are shown in table 2.3.3 slurry preparation according to the geological data, determine the slurry preparation plan, the implementation of mud drilling, drilling in good preparation before 30 square mud with high quality.Mud plays a key role in directional crossing, we will adopt different according to different formation of mud, if the complex geological conditions, the requirements for the mud is higher, in order to deal with different situations, we will take the following measures: 1) according to the pre-determined ratio of slurry with good level of bentonite and mud additives, and meets the requirements of the mud.2) use of mud additives are: polymer HFEC, DFD – 140 fluid loss agent, lubricant, according to the different through geological conditions, determined to join different additives.3) in order to guarantee that the performance of the slurry, bentonite has enough hydration time, in the case of dosage can’t change, will be taken to increase the number of the mud tank.4) of waste mud treatment: dig a waste pulp in welding field collection pool, collecting waste mud, after precipitation treatment; In the drill ground also dig a mud recycling pool, mud after precipitation recycling pool, again through the mud recovery system recovery; Recycling is not the mud to the designated place.

4 pipeline towing guide hole back after grading pre expansion, hole cleaning, aperture to pipeline back to drag the required conditions, will test qualified through the pipeline on the skid frame and check after being dragged back. Is dragged back through the last step, also is the most crucial step, in the back to the way of construction is adopted in tow: Φ reamer 650 + 40 t drag swivel back + Dn500 crossline (Dn500 is 3 x + 1 x phi phi 250 MPP line 75 MPP line).When back to drag for continuous operation, to avoid sticking due to shutdown. Drag on the careful inspection of the rotating joint connection, connection head, reamer, determine the connection is firm may drag back, back to drag on both sides to strengthen the contact, coordination will be pipeline installation to the desired location.

5 1) pipeline protection pipeline back pulling the front line of prefabricated completed acceptance, acceptance of content: the quality of pipeline is unqualified, whether carried out in accordance with the design requirements for all line decoration, is in line with the pipe ovality, pull head do whether qualified, confirm qualified rear can back to party a notice.2) pipeline before must back to inspect, pipeline found peel off, replace pipe deformation and other issues must inform party a, in order to drag in unnecessary trouble and bring unnecessary economic loss to party a delay time into society to bring economic benefits.3) the last bore hole to improve the lubrication performance of mud, the last time back to drag to keep expanding the mud property, avoid significant adjustments to mud caused by the collapse of hole wall, add resistance to pulling.4) both ends of pipeline to drag must be checked before closed situation, pipeline back in place after the remained sealed on both ends of the line, make sure the line clean.5) pipeline back to drag process must have the specialist is responsible for the patrol inspection, leakproof personnel on-site promptly leakproof.

6, quality assurance measures are 1) the measures to prevent it is “S” type while drilling directional device adopts the DCI MARKIV positioning equipment, strictly control the whole Angle in the process of directional drilling rate, shorten the measured interval length as far as possible, especially in formation change or gravel, hard and soft parameter measurement spacing shall not be more than 2 meters. Adjust bearing in a timely manner, and have margin, banned repeatedly greatly adjust Angle, to prevent the “S” type.2) ensure that measures within the scope of directional drilling out the error in the design of a rig measurement is in place, using total station accurately release the centerline of the drill in place;The second point to parameters, accurate measurement calibration requirements carefully and as much as possible acquisition parameters comparison, to determine the best parameters, three different position at the center line of acquisition, and each location at least four times, and make records.3) to ensure smooth the reaming measures has been the guide hole, must meet the requirements of pipeline radius of curvature, especially not in “S” type curve;Second, according to different formation timely adjust mud, the cross section of formation is relatively complex, timely adjust the mud proportioning according to different stratum, appropriate control mud viscosity, increased fluid loss agent, lubricant and prevent collapse agent added amount, to stabilize the hole wall, reduce shrinkage, stable mud property, prevent significant adjustments to the mud, and cause the collapse of hole wall.4) measures to ensure the success of the back drag at the scene we prepare two electric hoist, to ensure the smoothly back to drag.4, the conclusion due to the complexity of the project for big diameter formation crossing, cross the strata are mainly fine sand, gravel, clay, the difference of formation pore forming, poor stability, the guide hole drilling, the thrust is bigger, request to anchor must be strong, mud performance to achieve high viscosity, good flow, appropriately increase the pump pressure, improve hydraulic horsepower.

GN mud system

Horizontal directional drilling technology
Using horizontal directional drilling crossing technology in pipeline crossing construction, digging the ground, can through the highway, railway, river, or even can pass under the buildings, is a kind of can safely and effectively for the construction method of environmental protection. Especially in environmental protection, municipal pipeline network reconstruction project and large pipeline crossing river engineering more show its unique advantage.
The working process of the horizontal directional drilling crossing technology is guide through the computer control and detection, to drill a pilot hole, the same as the design curve then guide hole enlargement, pull the product pipeline back to expand the pilot hole, with the construction process of pipeline crossing.Horizontal directional drilling and trenchless technology has been widely used in foreign countries, and also gradually spread in the country.1 horizontal directional drilling crossing construction technology for pipeline crossing using horizontal directional drilling construction, generally divided into two steps: the first step is to accurately as possible in accordance with the design curve of drill a pilot hole;The second step is to guide hole reaming, and the product line (typically, MPP, PVC pipes, PE cable casing, pipe, pipe, etc.) along the guide hole back to expand the pilot hole, the pipeline crossing work done.1.1 guide hole guide hole drilling is the key of the directional drilling, guide device adopt wireless or wired positioning system to determine the control to the scheme, mud and driller must pay attention to each link, the careful analysis of various parameters, cooperate with each other accords with a requirement to drill a pilot hole, drill pilot hole to contrast analysis of geological data and instrument parameters into a hole at any time, and always be each drill pipe guide hole record (thrust size, guide hole size, torque, etc.) to the difficulty of the operator to pay close attention to the change of pump pressure, torque, thrust.1.2 preliminary reaming after the completion of the guide hole, the drilling to expand to the appropriate diameter for finished product pipeline installation, this process is called reaming, usually, on the other side drill reamer is connected to the pipe, and then by the drill rotating dragged back into the guide hole, the guide hole enlargement, to a large number of mud pump into the hole at the same time, to ensure the integrity of drilling and not collapsed, and will be cutting the cuttings back to the ground.Guide hole completion, to unload in time after bit unearthed, fitted with a reamer for reaming.According to the geological condition and pipe diameter grading reaming, finally aperture D = 1.2 1.3 Dn (Dn for pipeline diameter).Reaming, adjust appropriately according to the design requirements when the mud displacement control back to the drag speed, smooth bore hole reaming in accordance with the design parameters, the operator to pay close attention to the pump pressure, the change of the torque and drag back, it is strictly prohibited to suppress pump, suppress drill, forced back to enlarge.Analysis, after the completion of reaming hole formation, again with a reamer hole cleaning when necessary.1.3 back to drag pipes bore hole has been completed, the finished pipe into the borehole.Piping prefabrication should be completed in the side opposite the rig.Reamer drill pipe at the other end is connected at one end by rotary joints from finished product line.Rotary joint can avoid product pipeline with reamer rotating, so as to ensure its smooth into the hole.Dragged back completed by drilling, this process also requires a lot of mud to cooperate, to drag process should be continued until the reamer and finished product pipeline from one side drill ground.2 the characteristics of the horizontal directional drilling construction 1) directional drilling crossing construction has not blocking traffic, won’t destroy green land, vegetation, will not affect people’s normal life and work order, solve the traditional excavation construction interference impact on the residents’ life.GN decanter centrifuge

Mud tank can configure different dimension according to the customer’s demand. Mud tank is in the oil, gas, and salt in the process of drilling operation of geology and mineral resources of essential equipment.

Mud tank is a purification plant equipment, made up of tank, mud tank, mud mixer, slurry tank is installed on top of tank, stirrer installed on the roof, the tanks by the isolation plate divided into two parts, the feature is that there are two vertical sand pump installed on the roof and the desander, desilter, sand pump export respectively through pipeline and desander, desilter import connected, sand pump and motor coupling.
Connectivity issues about mud tank: there are flange for tank connection (inflatable joints connecting sealing, pressure sealing packing connection), coupling connection type, etc. There is no big problem for external connection and sealing, mud tank is mainly consider for moving convenient installation. At present, a lot of tank with built-in pipe, so that the main problem is that the built-in pipeline corrosion and the structure of the valve, so a good tank valve design is the key, to maintain a clean and tidy tank surface anti-skid drop off again to ensure that the operation is convenient and reliable. And all the valves should have reliable switch position indicator and easy to maintain. Electrical equipment installation specification, reasonable appliance is easy to operate simple, for medium voltage line and medium pressure valve separately color logo and so on. Protective water proof design according to need, but to ensure that the ventilation.

In China or overseas for Mud tank, in order to adapt to mountains, rivers, roads, etc. Through the engineering design, development, create a “horizontal directional crossing machine mud mixed recycling system”.Through the mud tank purification drilling fluid, recycling can greatly improve the level crossing rate, reduce the mud pump, drill pipe, drill bit wear, save materials, reduce drilling cost, protecting the environment, mud tank brought considerable economic benefits for the user.